Research

Metaphysical Explanations for Modal Normativists

Authors:

Abstract

I expand modal normativism, a theory of metaphysical modality, to give a normativist account of metaphysical explanation. According to modal normativism, basic modal claims do not have a descriptive function, but instead have the normative function of enabling language users to express semantic rules that govern the use of ordinary non-modal vocabulary. However, a worry for modal normativism is that it doesn’t keep up with all of the important and interesting metaphysics we can do by giving and evaluating metaphysical explanations. So, I advance modal normativism by arguing that metaphysical explanations also have a normative rather than descriptive function. In particular, non-causal explanatory claims have formal and semantic properties that make them expressively stricter than basic modal claims and so are better suited to express fine-grained aspects of semantic rules. A major payoff of my normativist account of metaphysical explanations is that it yields a plausible story about how we come to evaluate and know metaphysical explanations—we do this primarily by conceptual analysis. I also respond to a number of objections, including the objection that the epistemic payoffs of my view are not worth the metaphysical costs.

Keywords:

groundingexplanationmodalityessencereal definitionnormativismquasi-realismmetaphysical laws
  • Year: 2020
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 1
  • Page/Article: 33–54
  • DOI: 10.5334/met.35
  • Submitted on 22 Dec 2019
  • Accepted on 24 Jun 2020
  • Published on 14 Sep 2020
  • Peer Reviewed