Words, Species, and Kinds



It has been widely argued that words are analogous to species such that words, like species, are natural kinds. In this paper, I consider the metaphysics of word-kinds. After arguing against an essentialist approach, I argue that word-kinds are homeostatic property clusters, in line with the dominant approach to other biological and psychological kinds.


WordsHomeostatic Property ClustersEssentialismKindsMetaphysics of Language
  • Year: 2021
  • Volume: 4 Issue: 1
  • Page/Article: 18–31
  • DOI: 10.5334/met.70
  • Submitted on 18 May 2021
  • Accepted on 6 Nov 2021
  • Published on 24 Nov 2021
  • Peer Reviewed